Anabolic and catabolic metabolism
In connection with metabolism, one also often hears terms such as anabolism and catabolism – both are forms and phases of metabolism, i.e. metabolism.
Anabolism: This is the name given to the structure of substances in living beings. The carbohydrate metabolism can again serve as an example: some of the simple sugars that get into the cells from the blood are built up again into starch molecules and stored in the liver and the muscle cells. In a narrower sense, anabolism is often associated with protein build-up, especially in muscles. Catabolism is the name given to the breakdown of metabolic products from complex to simple substances to provide energy. In other words: The nutrients stored in the various depots are broken down again into their components and used when the body needs energy.
To stay with the example of carbohydrate metabolism: In anabolic metabolism, starch was stored in the liver and muscles. In the catabolic metabolism, this starch is broken down again into simple sugars and made available to the body in the form of glucose so that the blood sugar level remains constant and the muscles can gain energy from it.
A metabolic disorder occurs when the utilization of individual nutrients does not work correctly, and the substance does not arrive where it is needed. When the metabolism is disturbed, various diseases can develop. Diabetes mellitus, for example, is a disease of carbohydrate metabolism. Fat, protein and mineral metabolism can also be disturbed.
Boost your metabolism to lose weight?
We humans use different amounts of energy to maintain our body functions. It’s probably genetic. Some people consume more energy at rest, i.e. have a higher basal metabolic rate than others. The basal metabolic rate fluctuates vary enormously from person to person. In over 1000 measurements, experts have determined a fluctuation range between 800 and 4,700 kilocalories per day. This energy consumption at rest cannot be stimulated, increased or stimulated. Of course, exercise can increase energy consumption – and thus energy metabolism.
If the metabolism is out of balance, this can lead to metabolic disorders. This happens when on the one hand, the function of nutrient utilization is restricted. On the other hand, if the used substance does not arrive where it is needed. A lack of enzymes and hormones usually characterizes metabolic diseases. They can be genetic as well as acquired through unfavourable lifestyle habits. For example, through lack of exercise and malnutrition.
The most common metabolic diseases include diabetes mellitus, gout and thyroid diseases such as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. In addition to drug therapy, lifestyle change is crucial for your well-being and the course of the disease.
Boost your metabolism
Illness and obesity are primarily the results of an imbalanced metabolism. What helps to keep the metabolism healthy, and how can metabolic disorders be prevented?
Healthy nutrition: An unbalanced diet leads to an over-or undersupply of nutrients and energy. The metabolism is out of balance—regular diets such as B. The metabolism adjusts to a lower energy requirement with the metabolic diet - it slows down its pace. The result: weight gain despite reduced calorie intake. A regular intake of food keeps the metabolism going. Vitamin and mineral-rich foods high in fibre are good choices. Plenty of fluid intakes: water forms the basis of almost all metabolic processes. Without water, there would be no life. Adequate hydration boosts your metabolism and helps the body excrete toxins. Under normal conditions, an adult needs about 2 litres of fluid per day. Avoid pleasure poisons: Nicotine stimulates the metabolism. Sounds beneficial, but it isn't significant since nicotine increases blood cholesterol levels. This is associated with the risk of vascular calcification (arteriosclerosis). Alcohol has a similar negative effect on metabolism. Alcohol is poison to the body. Consequently, it must be dismantled as a top priority, however, at the expense of the other metabolic processes, which are highly slowed down or stopped as a result. Reduce excess weight: An increased body weight harms muscles and organs and the metabolism. Those body feet functions linked to the processing and utilization of food energy are overloaded with the oversupply. This leads to cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. A healthy body weight prevents this. Sufficient exercise: Nobody has to mutate into a top athlete. In addition to targeted sporting activities, more movement can also be integrated into everyday life with simple means. Tips for this: Take a short walk between, use the stairs instead of a lift, or go to work on foot or by bike. The only important thing is to keep moving at all. Nothing paralyzes the metabolism more than a lack of exercise.